BRUCELLOSIS

Is a contagious disease caused by various bacteria of the family Brucella, with great importance for public health by the transmission to human and for having significant economic and health consequences.


Vaccination is the first step in the control and prevention of Brucellosis.

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Affected species

Sheep

Goats

Cattle

Pigs

Dogs

Contamination

The excretions pollute the soil, pens, beds of straw, water from streams and wells.


Brucella is able to survive in the environment for relatively long periods:

Up to
100 days

In feces

Up to
80 days

In soil

Months

In frozen
environments

Transmission

Direct Contact


With infected animals, abortions, excretions, skin wounds, ocular conjunctiva and nasal mucosa.

Oral transmission


By ingestion of unpasteurized milk or milk products.

Signs and symptoms

Human


Febrile illness - undulating fever or Malta fever

Animals


Abortions or lack of reproduction.

Livestock production

Up to 50%

Low birth
rate

Up to 20%

Decrease in
milk production

39% loses

Of benefits

Health and food security

Slaughter of animals
Closing borders
Additional costs of workforce
Work-related disease for farmers without correct protection
Sickness due to unpasteurized products

Prevention: The best Solution

Biosafety

Decreases the spread of the disease and zoonosis

Vaccination

The best choice for elimination of the disease in herds

Diagnosis

To know the prevalence of the disease

Handling
of dairy
products

Pasteurization is the best choice to reduce the transmission to humans